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Spring Cloud Feignのステータスコードと例外

spring spring cloud

Spring Cloud Feignの例外を調べてみたのでメモします。

(11/22修正)Root Causeのスタックトレースしか貼り付けていなかったので、すべてのCauseに修正しました。

結果

  • エラーのステータスコードを受け取った場合、 feign.FeignException が発生します。
  • 接続できなかった場合、 feign.RetryableException が発生します。
  • TCP接続確立やレスポンス受信に時間がかかった場合、Hystrixがタイムアウトします。

前提

Feign、Sleuthを有効にした場合で調査しています。

// build.gradle
dependencies {
    compile 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-web'
    compile 'org.springframework.cloud:spring-cloud-starter-feign:1.2.1.RELEASE'
}

依存関係にspring-cloud-starter-feignを追加すると、自動的にHystrixも有効になります。

Hystrixが有効な場合、Feignの例外は HystrixRuntimeException でラップされます。Hystrixのエラーハンドリングについては下記を参照してください。

https://github.com/Netflix/Hystrix/wiki/How-To-Use#hystrixobservablecommand-equivalent-4

Hystrixのタイムアウトexecution.isolation.thread.timeoutInMilliseconds で変更できます。

hystrix.command.default:
  execution.isolation.thread.timeoutInMilliseconds: 3000

エラーのステータスコードを受け取った場合

APIが200番台以外のステータスコードを返した場合、 feign.FeignException が発生します。

Caused by: com.netflix.hystrix.exception.HystrixRuntimeException: HelloClient#hello() failed and no fallback available.
    at com.netflix.hystrix.AbstractCommand$16.call(AbstractCommand.java:806)
        (中略)
    at com.netflix.hystrix.strategy.concurrency.HystrixContexSchedulerAction.call(HystrixContexSchedulerAction.java:69)
    at rx.internal.schedulers.ScheduledAction.run(ScheduledAction.java:55)
    at java.util.concurrent.Executors$RunnableAdapter.call(Executors.java:511)
    at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:266)
    at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1142)
    at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:617)
    at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:745)
Caused by: feign.FeignException: status 500 reading HelloClient#hello(); content:
{"message":"HelloClient#hello() failed and no fallback available."}
    at feign.FeignException.errorStatus(FeignException.java:62)
    at feign.codec.ErrorDecoder$Default.decode(ErrorDecoder.java:91)
    at feign.SynchronousMethodHandler.executeAndDecode(SynchronousMethodHandler.java:138)
    at feign.SynchronousMethodHandler.invoke(SynchronousMethodHandler.java:76)
    at feign.hystrix.HystrixInvocationHandler$1.run(HystrixInvocationHandler.java:108)
    at com.netflix.hystrix.HystrixCommand$1.call(HystrixCommand.java:294)
    ... 23 more

接続できなかった場合

APIに接続できなかった場合、 feign.RetryableException が発生します。

Caused by: com.netflix.hystrix.exception.HystrixRuntimeException: HelloClient#hello() failed and no fallback available.
    at com.netflix.hystrix.AbstractCommand$16.call(AbstractCommand.java:806)
        (中略)
    at com.netflix.hystrix.strategy.concurrency.HystrixContexSchedulerAction.call(HystrixContexSchedulerAction.java:69)
    at rx.internal.schedulers.ScheduledAction.run(ScheduledAction.java:55)
    at java.util.concurrent.Executors$RunnableAdapter.call(Executors.java:511)
    at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:266)
    at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1142)
    at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:617)
    at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:745)
Caused by: feign.RetryableException: Connection refused executing GET http://localhost:8082/hello
    at feign.FeignException.errorExecuting(FeignException.java:67)
    at feign.SynchronousMethodHandler.executeAndDecode(SynchronousMethodHandler.java:104)
    at feign.SynchronousMethodHandler.invoke(SynchronousMethodHandler.java:76)
    at feign.hystrix.HystrixInvocationHandler$1.run(HystrixInvocationHandler.java:108)
    at com.netflix.hystrix.HystrixCommand$1.call(HystrixCommand.java:294)
    ... 23 more
Caused by: java.net.ConnectException: Connection refused
    at java.net.PlainSocketImpl.socketConnect(Native Method)
    at java.net.AbstractPlainSocketImpl.doConnect(AbstractPlainSocketImpl.java:350)
    at java.net.AbstractPlainSocketImpl.connectToAddress(AbstractPlainSocketImpl.java:206)
    at java.net.AbstractPlainSocketImpl.connect(AbstractPlainSocketImpl.java:188)
    at java.net.SocksSocketImpl.connect(SocksSocketImpl.java:392)
    at java.net.Socket.connect(Socket.java:589)
    at sun.net.NetworkClient.doConnect(NetworkClient.java:175)
    at sun.net.www.http.HttpClient.openServer(HttpClient.java:432)
    at sun.net.www.http.HttpClient.openServer(HttpClient.java:527)
    at sun.net.www.http.HttpClient.<init>(HttpClient.java:211)
    at sun.net.www.http.HttpClient.New(HttpClient.java:308)
    at sun.net.www.http.HttpClient.New(HttpClient.java:326)
    at sun.net.www.protocol.http.HttpURLConnection.getNewHttpClient(HttpURLConnection.java:1169)
    at sun.net.www.protocol.http.HttpURLConnection.plainConnect0(HttpURLConnection.java:1105)
    at sun.net.www.protocol.http.HttpURLConnection.plainConnect(HttpURLConnection.java:999)
    at sun.net.www.protocol.http.HttpURLConnection.connect(HttpURLConnection.java:933)
    at sun.net.www.protocol.http.HttpURLConnection.getInputStream0(HttpURLConnection.java:1513)
    at sun.net.www.protocol.http.HttpURLConnection.getInputStream(HttpURLConnection.java:1441)
    at java.net.HttpURLConnection.getResponseCode(HttpURLConnection.java:480)
    at feign.Client$Default.convertResponse(Client.java:152)
    at feign.Client$Default.execute(Client.java:74)
    at org.springframework.cloud.sleuth.instrument.web.client.feign.TraceFeignClient.execute(TraceFeignClient.java:79)
    at feign.SynchronousMethodHandler.executeAndDecode(SynchronousMethodHandler.java:97)
    ... 26 more

Hystrixのタイムアウト

TCP接続確立やレスポンス受信に時間がかかった場合、Hystrixがタイムアウトします。

Caused by: com.netflix.hystrix.exception.HystrixRuntimeException: HelloClient#waitMillis(long) timed-out and no fallback available.
    at com.netflix.hystrix.AbstractCommand$16.call(AbstractCommand.java:806)
        (中略)
    at com.netflix.hystrix.strategy.concurrency.HystrixContextRunnable.run(HystrixContextRunnable.java:57)
    at com.netflix.hystrix.AbstractCommand$HystrixObservableTimeoutOperator$2.tick(AbstractCommand.java:976)
    at com.netflix.hystrix.util.HystrixTimer$1.run(HystrixTimer.java:100)
    at java.util.concurrent.Executors$RunnableAdapter.call(Executors.java:511)
    at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.runAndReset(FutureTask.java:308)
    at java.util.concurrent.ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor$ScheduledFutureTask.access$301(ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor.java:180)
    at java.util.concurrent.ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor$ScheduledFutureTask.run(ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor.java:294)
    at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1142)
    at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:617)
    at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:745)
Caused by: java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException
    at com.netflix.hystrix.AbstractCommand$9.call(AbstractCommand.java:601)
    at com.netflix.hystrix.AbstractCommand$9.call(AbstractCommand.java:581)
    at rx.internal.operators.OperatorOnErrorResumeNextViaFunction$4.onError(OperatorOnErrorResumeNextViaFunction.java:140)
    ... 16 more